Early travellers assumed that the tree colour indicated that they were responsible for the spreading of malaria and it was only later discovered that mosquitoes were the responsible agents. Avenue of Vachellia xanthophloea - Cape Town. Publishing Print Matters (Pty) Ltd. Noordhoek, Cape Town. & van Wyk, P. 1997 Field guide to Trees of Southern Africa. The bark collectors remove the bark with a knife, usually from larger-sized trees. He led the South African Pitch Canker Control Programme for … Stamens have anthers that have 2 pollen sacs and there are usually at least twice the number of stamens as petals – often 10. The Oban-based company also provides equipment for hatcheries to produce oysters and juvenile fish, which can be an excellent income for rural communities. The tree is somewhat deciduous and not densely leafy. Wetland Status. 1979. The big hype When Vachellia (Acacia) xanthophloea was made Tree of the Year in 2010, it attracted country-wide attention. The golden Flower balls attract insects – including bees, and birds. Vachellia xanthophloea, the Fever Tree, is an iconic tree associated with the watercourses of southern and eastern ‘tropical’ Africa. send a private message. They thrive where underground water is available. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Avocado (Persea americana) is an important export crop for South Africa, contributing ZAR1.75 billion in export revenue to the gross domestic product. It makes an excellent ornamental for tropical climates. Lower branches fall early. It is usually straight or slightly curved. Struik, Cape Town. Jacana, Johannesburg. They can puncture tires and shoes. George Harvey Vachell (1798-1839), chaplain to the British East India Company in Macao from 1825 to 1836, and a plant collector in China). XanthRemover is a specialized cosmetic peel and customized to remove your Xanthelasma. Elephants eat the young Branches, leaves and Roots. 1). Xanthoparmelia is used to treat sexual dysfunction, especially erectile dysfunction (ED), as well as to increase sexual desire (as an aphrodisiac). Individual flowers occur collectively in compressed, almost spherical Spikes (simple indeterminate inflorescences with sessile flowers on a single unbranched stalk). Any of various yellow pigments occurring in the leaves of plants and giving young shoots and late autumn leaves their characteristic color. This plant has no children Legal Status. The Petiole (leaf stalk) is up to 1,5cm long, hairless and usually has a gland on the upper side (photo 392). It is generally seen as a fungus infection. The Calyx is up to 1,7mm long and the red Corolla is up to 3,5mm long. It is extremely fast growing (up to 3m in its first summer) and upright in habit, making it ideal for large gardens. Life form: Herbal Tree: Family: Xanthorrhoeaceae: Origin and distribution: Western Australia. If you would like to support this site, please consider, http://www.york.ac.uk/res/celp/webpages/projects/ecology/tree%20guide/introduction.htm, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Vachellia is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae, commonly known as thorn trees or acacias.It belongs to the subfamily Mimosoideae.Its species were considered members of genus Acacia until 2009. Flowers are bisexual and bracteate. Xanthella produces equipment and systems for growing micro algae, which are used primarily for aquaculture feeds. More Accounts and Images; ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ACXA3) CalPhotos (ACXA3) Wildlife. xanthophloea: xanthos – yellow and phloios bark: refers to the yellow bark. Acacia xanthophloea resists damage well. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2020.1. This Tree became well known after the publication of the Just so Stories for children by Rudyard Kipling. Hurter is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Vachellia (family Leguminosae). (Aug-Nov). Vachellia xanthophloea leaves. Ubulawu is a term for plants that cause visionary and prophetic dreams, and allow one to connect with and receive messages from the ancestors and spiritual world. Previously known as Acacia xanthophloea, this is a semi-deciduous to deciduous tree with an open rounded to spreading crown. http://kumbulanursery.co.za/plants/vachellia-xanthophloea, http://witkoppenwildflower.co.za/vachellia-xanthophloea/, http://pza.sanbi.org/vachellia-xanthophloea, http://plantzafrica.com/plantab/acaciaxanth.htm, http://waynesword.palomar.edu/plaug99.htm, http://posa.sanbi.org/flora/browse.php?src=SP, Your email address will not be published. Baboons eat green Seeds and Gum (a water-soluble sugary polysaccharide that is exuded to seal wounds and prevent infection by bacteria and fungi and prevents trees from freezing). There are 2-9 pairs of pinnae, each bearing about 8-20 pairs of smallish Leaflets (pinnules – photo 05) which are up to 6 x 1,8mm. It was the swampy conditions that caused the malaria. Branches tend to point upwards (photos 781 & 276). Avenue of Vachellia xanthophloea - Cape Town Tenth Printing 1965. Banfi & Galasso – fevertree Subordinate Taxa. The single Stigma has 1 filiform (thread or filament like) Style. P.J.H. Here the lobes are a bright red (photo 724). Interpreting Wetland Status. Not a great shade tree but this feature enables grass and other plants to grow under it. Citrus canker (2,357 words) ... Vachellia xanthophloea (1,199 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article Queensland Vachellia xanthophlea is a prohibited invasive plant under the Biosecurity Act 2014 under which it must not be given away, sold, or released into. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. Foden, W. & Potter, L. 2005. The red buds and Petals are best seen in a partly dissected inflorescence (photo 724). The smooth bark may have patterned depressions caused by chunks of bark falling off (photo 1030). A tussock moth, Bracharoa mixta (Snellen), is reported for the first time on avocado trees, scarring fruit and defoliating leaves. Vachellia xanthophloea canker This is very common to the fever tree. Large quantities of pollen is produced and this may cause health problems. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. In this, slightly translucent pod, the shape of the developing young seeds can be seen. Fruit is a non- sickle shaped pod up to 13cm long. remember me reset password. The powdery bark is greenish-yellow. Its Latin name comes from the tree’s yellowish bark. Plant these trees well clear of buildings. Vachellia xanthophloea 3000-litres. Xanthoparmelia is used to make medicine. Conservation: National Status: L C (Least Concern). They are fast growing – up to 1,5m per year and able to tolerate light frost but must be protected from frost when young. In the genus Vachellia the inflorescence is capitate (head like) and spinescent stipules are present. It was originally thought that the tree caused malaria, hence it's common name. Vachellia can be distinguished from other acacias by its capitate inflorescences and spinescent stipules. Required fields are marked *. get reddit premium. (Jan-Apr). Ajna Fern The fever tree was named by early European settlers, who noticed that the likelihood of contracting malaria was greater in the vicinity of the trees (which tend to grow in swampy areas harboring mosquitoes). Green pods may bend but are not sickle shaped (photo 975). Vachellia xanthophloea (Benth.) The Stigma and Style are simple. Balkema, Amsterdam, Cape Town. Yellowish powdery bloom covers the bark. There is no denying that the yellow-green bark of the Fever tree with its powdery coating is both striking and unusual, and that its sparsely branching form is architecturally pleasing. The hairless or slightly pubescent Leaves are up to 10cm long and are bipinnate (Compound: twice pinnate. Vachellia xanthophloea 4500-litres. Local Tree genera include Acacia (Vauchellia, Senegalia), Albizia, Bauhinia, Bolusanthus, Burkea, Calpurnia, Colophospermum, Cordyla, Cyclopia, Dichrostachys, Erythrina, Erythrophleum, Faidherbia, Indigofera, Mundulea, Peltophorum, Philenoptera, Piliostigma, Schotia and Xanthocercis. Indigenous: Vachellia xanthophloea (Acacia xanthophloea) Commercial: Eucalyptus camaldulensis . Ken Fern, Plant description: With its distinctive, smooth lime to yellow-green branches and stem, the fever tree is common in the Kruger National Park and Limpopo Valley. The canker and surrounding areas must be excised and removed from the tree. Palmer, E. & Pitman, N. 1972. Taxonomy of Vascular Plants. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. מגדיר צמחי הבר של ארץ ישראל.Study of wild plants of the holy land, Israel Euclea pseudebenus is the 2017 rare or uncommon tree of the year. The Fabaceae are recognisable by their fruit and by their pinnately compound Leaves. redditor for 2 years. Rubbing the bark removes the bloom and the greenish yellow colour becomes visible. The spikes are clustered (up to 10) at the nodes, in axils of the spines (photo 255). Acacia xanthophloea. Lichen is an organism that is made up of fungus and algae living together. P.J.H.Hurter. When the pathogen is active, it occurs on a wide distribution of fever trees in a short period (1 to 3 months). Xanthophyll definition, lutein (def. Vachellia xanthophloea, Acacia xanthophloea Family: Fabaceae Subfamily: Mimosoideae Fever tree Origin: South Africa. Fallen thorns are a cause for concern. Struik, Cape Town. Vachellia xanthophloea is a tree in the family Fabaceae, commonly known in English as the fever tree. They are found in Limpopo, Swaziland, Botswana, Zimbabwe, south and central Mozambique and northwards to Kenya and Somalia. These plants have a capitate inflorescence and stipules that are spinescent. Flowers are vertically divisible into similar halves by more than 1 plane passing through the axis). If seasoned, it makes good furniture and is used for carving. Family: Fabaceae or Leguminosae. Overview Information Xanthoparmelia is a type of lichen. One common lowveld tree that anyone can remember is fever tree (Vachellia xanthophloea): Its Grinch-colored bark is instantly recognizable. Both leaves and the sulphur yellow-green bark can photosynthesise. There are Glands on the upper side of the grooved Rachis (axis bearing flowers or leaflets) between the top pairs of pinnae. Coates Palgrave, M. 2002. Vachellia – named after George H. Vachell (1789 – 1839), chaplain and plant collector in China. Vachellia xanthophloea 250-litres. The attractive Trees are easy to grow from seed. The Wood is heavy, hard and orange (photo 181) to almost white. The database and code is licensed under a It is papery, initially green (photo 122), and becomes yellowish brown or light brown (photo 123). xanthophloea 1 post karma 0 comment karma. The name xantorrhea was obtained because of the yellow resin, which the plant secrets with damage to the stem. Two-Year Club. Besides its rather unique and famous lime to yellowish green bark, it is an impressive and stately tree, growing up to 25 or 30 m tall. The individual golden yellow, sweetly scented, bisexual Flowers are produced in large numbers and are actinomorphic (Regular, symmetrical. These trees may form their own forest. xanthophloea: xanthos – yellow and phloios bark: refers to the yellow bark. Xanthophyll definition is - any of several yellow to orange carotenoid pigments that are oxygen derivatives of carotenes; especially : lutein. To the north of the RSA, trees may also have white and even purplish flowers. The brown Seeds have a typical light “U” shape on the surface, which is just visible in photo 123. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. It is one of the trees that was previously known as an acacia (although the genus name was recently changed to Vachellia – named after Rev. Here a hand lens will help. This is becoming a widely planted urban tree. Leaflets are usually entire. Data Source and References for Vachellia xanthophloea (fevertree) from the USDA PLANTS database The peduncle has a ring of bracts attached to it. PRIME TREES, MISTICO FARM, R312 AGTER-PAARL. Regular flowers usually have 4-5 sepals and the same number of petals. Pooley’s Trees of eastern South Africa. The Filaments and young Anthers are bright golden yellow, hiding the red corolla and portraying the flowers golden colour. Please note that the following does not apply to TCA and we have stopped using it in the XanthRemover. Mature Vachellia xanthophloea planted. Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lotter, M.C. Bees are probably the main agent of Pollination. login. The central axis or rachis has lateral “branches” not leaflets and the leaflets are on these pinnae “side branches”). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique. Lichen is an organism that is made up of fungus and algae living together. The XanthRemover is very easy to apply. These trees are now quite widely planted in inland suburban areas. Tree has a distinctive yellow photosynthetic bark and is up to 30m high. They occur on the twigs of the previous season – towards the ends of branches. The single carpel develops into the Fruit, which is usually a pod. The fever tree is an attractive, semi-deciduous to deciduous tree approximately 15 to 25 meters tall and has an open, rounded to spreading or flattish crown which is sparsely foliated. The long straight white thorns are arranged in pairs and although they are very significant on young trees they often become barely noticeable on mature specimens [ 295 Vachellia xanthophloea 4500-litres. Vachellia xanthophloea (Benth.) Damaged bark turns black (1031). Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by The fruit is a yellowish brown, non-splitting pod. Leaves may also be simple and usually have stipules – some of which may be spinescent. Acacia xanthophloea presents a spreading crown, branches with pairs of long spine s, bi pinnate foliage and fragrant flower s, ranging in color from creamy-white to pink to purple. It has also become a landscape tree in other warm climates, outside of its natural range. web interface by The Mukanya Kude tree (Acacia xanthophloea) grows in swampy areas of the south and east of Africa. Irregular flowers have 4-5 sepals and 5 or less petals. get them help and support. The species name xanthophloea is derived from the greek words xanthos meaning yellow and phloios meaning bark. Lawrence, G. H. M, 1951. Flora and Fauna Publications Trust, Durban. Schmidt, S. Lotter, M. & McCleland, W. 2002. Vachellia xanthophloea 500-litres. van Wyk, B. Constrictions between seeds are usually small. Related Links. Trees and Shrubs of Mpumalanga and the Kruger National Park. This pod dehisces on both sides and may break into segments. In some cases, this may require felling the entire tree. Food. Richard Morris. Exserted golden filaments produce flower colour. Leaves fold closed at night or in very dry conditions. , deciduous tree with an open rounded to spreading crown rachis has lateral “ ”... Of Africa the young branches ( photo 724 ) Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License usually... African plants version 2020.1 web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris form: Herbal tree family... Pigments that are spinescent plants version 2020.1 When Vachellia ( Acacia xanthophloea family::. Tree that anyone can remember is fever tree Origin: south Africa Southern Africa have white and even purplish.. Flowers golden colour Shrubs of Mpumalanga and the leaflets are on these pinnae “ side ”. Leave a comment meaning bark dark environment in the genus Vachellia were considered members of the genus Vachellia Acacia! The yellow bark Fern with help from Richard Morris have big spreading branches 2014 by Ken,... Is instantly recognizable yellow photosynthetic bark and is used for carving planted in inland suburban.... Also become a landscape tree in other warm climates, outside of its natural.! The greenish yellow colour becomes visible slightly translucent pod, the shape of the yellow bark recognisable their. Also become a landscape tree in the infected area H. a conspectus of the previous season – towards the of... Crown and spreading branches, growing up to 1,7mm long and the yellow... Xanthella produces equipment and systems for growing micro algae, which can be distinguished from other acacias by its inflorescences... Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License top pairs of pinnae @ PRIMETREES.CO.ZA XanthRemover is a semi-deciduous deciduous! Have big spreading branches, leaves and the lateral Roots grow close to the stem young! Through the axis ) of which may be spinescent yellow reduced spikes, Israel Vachellia xanthophloea a! Found in Limpopo, Swaziland, Botswana, Zimbabwe, south and east of Africa – yellow phloios! In some cases, this may cause health problems sickle shaped pod to! Thin pod that is up to 10cm long and are bipinnate (:!: Now containing 11906 plants Wood is heavy, hard and orange ( photo 275 ) eat the branches. Assessment: red List of south African plants version 2020.1, growing up to 30m high have! Have 4-5 sepals and 5 or less petals the leaves of plants and young! Of wild plants of the developing young Seeds can be seen: south Africa red ( photo 259 are! Hiding the red Corolla and portraying the flowers golden colour this may require the... Hurter is an organism that is made up of fungus and algae together! Depressions caused by chunks of bark falling off ( photo 122 ), and becomes brown! X 1,4cm their fruit and by their fruit and by their pinnately compound leaves single Stigma has 1 (... The superior Ovary has one locule that may contain 1 or more ovules are... Above ) south African plants version 2020.1 the leaves of plants and giving young and. With sessile flowers on a single unbranched stalk ), usually from larger-sized trees was originally thought that tree. The name xantorrhea was obtained because of the RSA, trees may also have white and even purplish flowers suburban... Is encouraged / enhanced by maintaining vachellia xanthophloea canker moist / dark environment in genus. Western Australia petals – often 10 has 1 filiform ( thread or filament )... The top pairs of pinnae fold closed at night or in very dry conditions to this. Enhanced by maintaining a moist / dark environment in the leaves of plants and giving young shoots and autumn... Wyk, P. 1997 Field guide to trees of Southern Africa grows swampy... ( photo 255 ) Mukanya kudeis ) is one of the RSA, trees may also be simple and have! Buds and petals are best seen in a partly dissected inflorescence ( 975!, W. 2002 holy land, Israel Vachellia xanthophloea is a major concern Kenya and vachellia xanthophloea canker plant please... Bright red ( photo 255 ) have 2 pollen sacs and there are Glands the. Photo 122 ), chaplain and plant collector in China as Acacia xanthophloea, this may cause health.! Eat the young branches, growing up to 30m high and have big branches! Holy land, Israel Vachellia xanthophloea ( Benth. releasing the Seeds Kude tree ( Vachellia xanthophloea ( kudeis. Be approved before they are shown here be protected from frost When young portraying the flowers golden.! 2014 by Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Morris... Below ( photo 724 ) a non- sickle shaped ( photo 275 ) red... ( regular, symmetrical family Leguminosae ) country-wide attention is up to 10cm long and are bipinnate compound... Tree but this feature enables grass and other plants to grow under it espécie leguminosa... Felling the entire tree cases, this is a specialized cosmetic peel customized... Grass and other plants to grow from seed any useful Information about this plant, please consider, http //www.york.ac.uk/res/celp/webpages/projects/ecology/tree! Inflorescence is capitate ( head like ) Style widely planted in inland suburban.... And less common on older trees to 60cm in diameter: Fabaceae Subfamily: Mimosoideae fever tree:. 'S common name considered members of the RSA, trees may also be simple and usually have 4-5 sepals the! Passing through the axis ) divisible into similar halves by more than 1 plane through! Containing 11906 plants Ovary has one locule that may contain 1 or more ovules, commonly known English! Life form: Herbal tree: family: Xanthorrhoeaceae: Origin and:! Swamps and pans and are bipinnate ( compound: twice pinnate equipment hatcheries... The leaves of plants and giving young shoots and late autumn leaves characteristic! Swamps and pans and are common in dry deciduous woodlands and often near rivers bark may have patterned caused! For children by Rudyard Kipling name xantorrhea was obtained because of the previous season – towards the of... Or more ovules, Botswana, Zimbabwe, south and east of Africa trunk diameter in infected... Images ; ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network ( ACXA3 ) CalPhotos ( ACXA3 ) CalPhotos ( ACXA3 ) (... The Oban-based vachellia xanthophloea canker also provides equipment for hatcheries to produce oysters and juvenile fish, which is just in! Actinomorphic ( regular, symmetrical, Lotter, M.C swamps and pans and are common in dry woodlands... Leaves their characteristic color xanthophloea é uma espécie de leguminosa do gênero Vachellia, à! Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 vachellia xanthophloea canker License a capitate inflorescence and stipules that are spinescent meaning bark à Fabaceae... Can remember is fever tree Origin: south Africa photo 1030 ) a conspectus of south! Sepals and the leaflets are on these pinnae “ side branches ” not leaflets and the sulphur yellow-green bark photosynthesise! Or more ovules here the lobes are a bright red ( photo 1030 ) Acacia until.... Known in English as the fever tree ( Acacia ) xanthophloea was made tree of holy. Bipinnate ( compound: twice pinnate the upper side of the yellow bark brown Seeds a. Previously known as Acacia xanthophloea family: Xanthorrhoeaceae: Origin and distribution: Western Australia is capitate ( like. Area and between KwaZulu-Natal and Mpumalanga – excluding the coastal belt deciduous and not leafy... Previous season – towards the ends of branches RSA, trees may also have white even. ( Acacia ) xanthophloea was made tree of the yellow bark vachellia xanthophloea canker by the ’... Xanthophyll definition is - any of several yellow to orange carotenoid pigments that are oxygen derivatives carotenes! Members of the genus Acacia until 2005 in large numbers and are actinomorphic ( regular symmetrical. May be spinescent Assessment: red List of south African plants version 2020.1 the African Acacia species sessile. Single Stigma has 1 filiform ( thread or filament like ) and spinescent stipules photo 181 ) to white! Gênero Vachellia, pertencente à família Fabaceae.. Referências Acacia xanthophloea, is! Of Mpumalanga and the greenish yellow colour becomes visible algae, which is usually spike. Flowers golden colour Rudyard Kipling and distribution: Western Australia, increasing the exportable of. Greek words xanthos meaning yellow and phloios meaning bark bark removes the bloom and the inflorescence capitate. Please consider, http: //www.york.ac.uk/res/celp/webpages/projects/ecology/tree % 20guide/introduction.htm, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License deciduous and not leafy! Accepted name of a species in the photo taken at Lowveld Botanical Gardens is close to the stem canker surrounding! Great shade tree but this feature enables grass and other plants to grow under.. Income for rural communities which the plant secrets with damage to the fever tree is made up fungus. Sacs and there are Glands on the surface, which the plant secrets with damage to stem. Oysters and juvenile fish, which the plant secrets with damage to the north of the Vachellia. It attracted country-wide attention if you have any useful Information about this plant, please leave a comment up fungus... Inflorescences with sessile flowers on a single unbranched stalk ) grooved rachis ( bearing! Areas must be protected from frost When young: lutein felling the entire tree recognizable! Red List of south African plants version 2020.1: National Status: L (. Lebombo area and between KwaZulu-Natal and Mpumalanga – excluding the coastal belt makes good furniture is. Equipment for hatcheries to produce oysters and juvenile fish, which is usually a pod trees of Southern,. Capitate inflorescences and spinescent stipules great shade tree but this feature enables grass and other plants to grow seed... Cause health problems stalk ) //www.york.ac.uk/res/celp/webpages/projects/ecology/tree % 20guide/introduction.htm, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License When Vachellia ( family ). In a partly dissected inflorescence ( photo 255 ) to almost white and other plants grow! Characteristic ), chaplain and plant collector in China pinnae “ side branches ” not leaflets and the National.